Friday, June 27, 2014

June: A Month of Women's Rights in Review

 By Jamila Johnson

Yesterday the Supreme Court of the United States decided McCullen v. Coakley, and the ‎outcome was ‎truly unfortunate for women seeking to exercise their right to ‎choice. Unsurprisingly, there has been ‎no shortage of coverage ‎‎of this decision that struck down a Massachusetts law that ‎barred protesting ‎within 35 feet of abortion clinics. ‎

“This ruling will create barriers to access for millions of women nationwide," said Lisa Stone, Legal Voice Executive Director. "State-based organizations will have to redouble their efforts to create new or revised buffer zones. We are fortune that here in Washington State our statute will not be changed or affected by this because it is based on the protesters’ behavior and not on geography."

The Supreme Court decision is a very disappointing ruling as buffer zones have been shown to reduce ‎violence and ‎threats of violence and increase women’s access to clinics. ‎

While McCullen v. Coakley could put advocates for women’s rights in a ‎downright foul mood, ‎June was not 100% bad on the legal front. ‎

Earlier this month, HB ‎‎1840—which was signed ‎into law in April—‎took effect in Washington. HB 1840 was a bipartisan bill ‎that, as Moms Demand Action ‎explained, “will help save women’s lives and ‎protect families by keeping guns out of the hands ‎of domestic abusers.” ‎It added a provision to Washington law that prohibits any ‎person restrained under certain ‎protection orders, no-contact orders, or restraining orders ‎from possessing a firearm, dangerous weapon, or ‎concealed pistol license while ‎the order is in place.‎

Could this law have an impact on mass shootings, as well? A 2013 ‎article by Anna Minard of The Stranger sure ‎suggests so. ‎

‎“If we as a society ‎have any interest in preventing mass shootings—crimes that ‎seem so senseless, so ‎unpredictable—we have got to look at domestic violence,” ‎the article explained. The article cited an analysis of mass shootings, released by Mayors Against Illegal Guns, which explained that there was "a noteworthy connection between mass-shooting incidents and domestic or family violence." In fact, the majority of mass shootings—shootings in which four or more people were killed with a gun—between 2009 and 2013 ‎were domestic-violence related. According to the analysis, in 32 of the 56 mass ‎shootings (57% percent), ‎the perpetrator "killed a current or former spouse or intimate partner or ‎other ‎family member.” ‎

According to a press release from Senator Kline's office, “One quarter of domestic violence perpetrators who kill ‎their ‎spouses had been served with a protection order before doing so. Many of ‎these murders are ‎carried out with a fire arm.”‎

Legal Voice spent 10 years working with partners to get this bill into law, and it is worth celebrating.


Jamila Johnson is a litigator with Schwabe, Williamson & Wyatt and on the Legal Voice Board of Directors.

Thursday, June 26, 2014

Non-Discrimination: It's Not Just the Right Thing to Do—It's an Order!

By Alyssa Sappenfield
 
While President Obama has fulfilled many of the promises he has made to the LGBT community since his 2008 presidential campaign, his pledged support for LGBT workplace protections has remained unrealized—until now. News broke last week that President Obama plans to sign an executive order prohibiting federal contractors from discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.

While this new executive order is a huge step forward—federal contractors employ roughly 22% of all U.S. civilian workers, which is approximately 28 million people—the fact remains that federally mandated LGBT workplace protections are needed for everyone. A majority of states lack explicit workplace protections on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, while discrimination and harassment of LGBT workers is pervasive—studies show that between 15-43% of gay, lesbian, and bisexual workers, and a disturbing 90% of transgender people, report experiencing some form of workplace abuse.

To protect LGBT workers throughout the country, we still need to pass the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA). ENDA is legislation that has been proposed in every Congress since 1994 with the purpose of prohibiting workplace discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity by employers with 15 or more employees. The bill passed in the Senate last fall, but stalled in the House.

But even with ENDA’s traction in Congress in 2013, LGBT advocates were critical of the fact that the version of the bill included an alarmingly broad religious exemption. This exemption, modeled after a similar provision of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, would have allowed religious organizations to discriminate against LGBT individuals. It is important to highlight that the exemption in Title VII permits a religious organization to require individuals who carry out its work to share its faith, but it does not allow discrimination based on race, color, sex, or national origin. While it makes some sense to allow religious organizations to prefer their own faith, the ENDA religious exemption flies in the face of our current civil rights laws by seriously undermining ENDA’s intended protections.

While President Obama’s executive order certainly won’t have the reach that an ENDA would, there’s an upside: executive orders making federal contracts conditioned on workplace nondiscrimination compliance have historically been precursors to Congress passing similar requirements for employers of the general workforce (EOs 8802, 9346, and 10925 prior to the Civil Rights Act of 1964). The Obama administration is finalizing the executive order’s details in the coming weeks, so it remains to be seen whether there will be an ENDA-esque exemption for religious organizations (though—surprise!—some voices are already calling for such).

Opponents of LGBT equality are increasingly recognizing the turning tide for LGBT rights. Instead of voicing outright opposition to barring discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity, they are strategically picking their battles for broader national appeal. With the Supreme Court’s Hobby Lobby ruling just around the corner, their messaging is increasingly changing from stark opposition to LGBT rights to pushing for broad exemptions under the guise of “religious accommodation.”

We are entering another phase of political discourse; one focused on the sacred First Amendment and its messy jurisprudence. No, this is not a new thing, but advocates be wary. Fight hard and fight smart.


Alyssa Sappenfield is a legal intern at Legal Voice and a rising third-year student at Lewis & Clark Law School. Alyssa received her Bachelor's from the University of Notre Dame in Sociology and Psychology, with a focus on social movements. She is obsessed with digesting culture and substantive equality for marginalized groups.